Old Testament “YHWH” passages applied to “JESUS”

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AmosAU
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Old TestamentYHWH” passages applied to “JESUS”

#1 Post by AmosAU » 7 years ago

There are numerous OT passages that can be directly applied to Jesus. In this article, we will discuss just a few of the main texts from the OT with their corresponding NT equivalents. Please note that wherever the Hebrew name of the Father “YHWH” is used in the original text as LORD, I will insert the Strong’s number H3068 in superscript type. There are of course many more references than quoted here.

The KJV will be used for all texts unless otherwise noted.

1) In Deuteronomy, Moses describes YHWH as “King of kings and Lord of lords”;

Deut. 10:17; “For the LORD H3068 your God is God of gods, and Lord of lords, a great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regardeth not persons, nor taketh reward:”

John applies this title, “Lord of lords and King of kings,” directly to Jesus;

Rev. 17:14; “These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful.”

Rev. 19:15-16; “And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. 16 And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.”

Paul uses these verses to show that Jesus is above ALL in heaven & on earth, to God’s glory;

Phil. 2:9-11; “Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: 10 That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; 11 And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.”

2) The Psalmist is talking about the creator & stating that He is without end;

Psa. 102:22; When the people are gathered together, and the kingdoms, to serve the LORD.H3068 23 He weakened my strength in the way; he shortened my days. 24 I said, O my God, take me not away in the midst of my days: thy years are throughout all generations. 27 “Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands. 26 They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed: 27 But thou art the same, and thy years shall have no end.”

Paul applies the above verses from Ps. 102 to the glorified Lord Jesus;

Heb. 1:8-12; “But unto the Son he (the Father) saith, Thy throne, O God, is forever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom. 9 Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. 10 And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands: 11 They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment; 12 And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.”

Heb. 3:3-4; “For this man [Jesus] was counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house. 4 For every house is builded by some man; but he that built all things is God.”

While this next passage is NOT a direct quote from Psalm 102, it does embody the essence of Psalm 102.

Heb. 1:1; God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, 2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; 3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; 4 Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

See also; John 1:3; All things were made by him; and without him was not anything made that was made. 4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men.

Col. 1:15; Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature: 16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: 17 And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.

3) In this next verse from Proverbs, we see the foundation laid for salvation by trusting in the Lord [YHWHH3068];
Prov. 18:10; “The name of the LORD H3068 is a strong tower: the righteous runneth into it, and is safe.”
Both Peter & John give assurance that this salvation is only possible by means of Jesus;

Acts 4:12; “Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name [Jesus] under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.”

John 14:6 “Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.”

See also #10 below…..Jesus own words to John in Rev. 1:8, 17, 18.

4) The prophet Joel shows that the Lord is not only the source of salvation, but that He also calls a remnant to salvation;

Joel 2:32; “And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD H3068 shall be delivered: for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as the LORD H3068 hath said, and in the remnant whom the LORD H3068 shall call.”

Paul then applies this call to salvation as follows in Romans;

Rom. 8:28-30; “And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose. 29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. 30 Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.”

Rom. 10:13; “For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.”

Peter also attributes this salvation to Jesus;

Acts 2:21; “And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.”

See also #3 above.

5) In these next verses, Isaiah sees the glory of The LORD;

Isa. 6:1-3; “In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and his train filled the temple. 2 Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly. 3 And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is the LORD H3068 of hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory.”

According to John, Isaiah beheld the glory of the pre-human existence of the Lord Jesus Christ;

John 12:37-42; “But though He [Jesus] had done so many miracles before them, yet they believed not on him [Jesus]: 38 That the saying of Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake, Lord, who hath believed our report? and to whom hath the arm of the Lord been revealed? 39 Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again, 40 He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them. 41 These things said Esaias, when he saw his glory, and spake of him [God]. 42 Nevertheless among the chief rulers also many believed on him; but because of the Pharisees they did not confess him, lest they should be put out of the synagogue:”

6) Isaiah calls on Israel to sanctify The Lord in their hearts;

Isa. 8:12-13; “Say ye not, A confederacy, to all them to whom this people shall say, A confederacy; neither fear ye their fear, nor be afraid. 13 Sanctify the LORD H3068 of hosts himself; and let him be your fear, and let him be your dread.”

1Pet. 3:14-15; “But and if ye suffer for righteousness' sake, happy are ye: and be not afraid of their terror, neither be troubled; 15 But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts: and be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you with meekness and fear:”

**7) Isaiah is here clearly speaking about God;

Isa. 8:13-14; “Sanctify the LORD H3068 of hosts himself; and let him be your fear, and let him be your dread. 14 And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.”

Paul applies the above quote to Jesus;

Rom. 9:32-33; “Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone; 33 As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.”
As does Peter;
1Pet. 2:6; Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded. 7 Unto you therefore which believe he is precious: but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner, 8 And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.

8) This next verse speaks of the “forerunner” of YHWH;

Isa. 40:3; “The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD H3068, make straight in the desert a highway for our God*.”

Malachi gives a similar prophecy to Isaiah;

Mal. 3:1; “Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD H3068 of hosts.”

Mal. 4:5; “Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD H3068.”

Matthew applies this prophecy directly to the forerunner of the Lord Jesus (John the Baptist), as dose Mark, Luke & John;

Matt. 3:3; “For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Esaias, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.”

Matt. 11:10; “For this is he, of whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.”

Mark 1:2-3; “As it is written in the prophets, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee. 3 The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord [Jesus] , make his paths straight.”

Luke 1:16-17; “And many of the children of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God. 17 And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.”

Luke 3:4; “As it is written in the book of the words of Esaias the prophet, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.”

John 1:23; “He said, I [John the Baptist] am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the Lord, as said the prophet Esaias.”

9) These next two passages can only be applied to God;

Isa. 43:10; “Ye are my witnesses, saith the LORD H3068, and my servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he: before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me.” 11 I, even I, am the LORD H3068; and beside me there is no saviour. 12 I have declared, and have saved, and I have shewed, when there was no strange god among you: therefore ye are my witnesses, saith the LORD H3068, that I am God.

Isa. 45:22; “Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I am God, and there is none else.”

Peter applies these verses to Jesus. The Lord Jesus also applies these verses to Himself. In so doing, He summons men to be His witnesses & to find rest for their souls in Him;

Acts 1:8; “But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me [Jesus] both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.”

Matt. 11:28-29; “Come unto me [Jesus], all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I [Jesus] will give you rest. 29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls.”

Rom. 15:19 Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.

10) Isa. 44:6; “Thus saith the LORD H3068 the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD H3068 of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God.”

John applies this term, “the first and the last”, to the glorified Jesus;

Rev. 1:8; “I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.”

Rev. 1:17-18; “And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last: 18 I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.”

Rev. 2:8; “And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive;”

Rev. 22:12-13; “And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be. 13 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.”

11) YHWH says concerning Himself;

Isa. 45:21; Tell ye, and bring them near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? who hath told it from that time? have not I the LORD H3068? and there is no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; there is none beside me. 22 Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I am God, and there is none else. 23 “I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.”

In the above quoted verses, when we check the original Hebrew text, it will be seen that when Isaiah speaks of “I the LORD” the Hebrew name for God, “YHWH” is used. This leaves no room for saying it is referring to anyone but GOD Himself. It is therefore interesting to note that in both Romans & Philippians Paul quotes this same text from Isaiah 45. In both Romans & Philippians Paul very clearly applies the same verses directly to; “Jesus is Lord.” It will be seen from this example why it is so important to read both the origin of the quoted verse(s) & to also compare the quotes of them in the NT.

Rom. 14:9-11; “For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and living. 10 But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother? for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ. 11 For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.”

Phil. 2:10-11; “That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; 11 And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.”

12) YHWH is the pierced One who men would look on & mourn over;

Zech. 12:8; In that day shall the LORD H3068 defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and he that is feeble among them at that day shall be as David; and the house of David shall be as God, as the angel of the LORD H3068 before them. 9 And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem. 10 “And I [YHWH] will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.”

John tells us this is none other than the glorified Lord Jesus Christ;

John 19:37; “And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced.”

Rev. 1:7; “Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen.”

John 19:34, 37; “But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water. 37 And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced.”

Acts 2:36; Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ. 37 Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do?

In summary, after carefully considering the above verses, I believe that it is correct to assume that the OT YHWH H3068 is in fact the NT Jesus. I say this because it is not just an isolated couple of verses, but the true understanding comes from viewing them all (1) in their individual contexts & (2) collectively. They are ALL talking about the same person, God.

Your brother in Christ,
Amos.

AmosAU
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Re: Old TestamentYHWH” passages applied to “JESUS”

#2 Post by AmosAU » 7 years ago

Dear brothers & sisters,

This study can be confronting to those of us who were raised in or were/are long term adherents to WTS doctrines. I was personally in shock for days when I came across this a many other topics that contradicted my WTS paradigms. Please carefully & prayerfully consider what God's Word says on this & many other topics that we have been skillfully forced to accept as truth, when they may not be such.

In Christ,
Amos

KeepOnSeeking
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Re: Old TestamentYHWH” passages applied to “JESUS”

#3 Post by KeepOnSeeking » 7 years ago

Amen! I have been coming to this very same conclusion myself. The OT quotes specific to YHWH applied to Jesus are the most compelling to me when considering the deity of Christ.


AmosAU
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Re: Old TestamentYHWH” passages applied to “JESUS”

#5 Post by AmosAU » 7 years ago

Thanks for your comments so far brothers. I have several more articles that deal with topics that were taboo from the JW point of view.

Please note that it is God's Word & not doctrines of men that we need to concentrate on. Interestingly, I've started looking into some of the very earliest of the church fathers from the late 1st century until mid 3rd century + Augustine of Hippo, & think that they are really close to the earliest accounts as contained in the book of Acts & the epistles.

Regards, Amos.

GodsWordIsTruth
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Re: Old TestamentYHWH” passages applied to “JESUS”

#6 Post by GodsWordIsTruth » 7 years ago

Hopefully, no one takes out the pitchforks for the following. It's just my initial thought while reading some of this information:
YHWH seems more like a title then the personal name of God. At least that's how God seems to use the "name "vs. the way we use the "name "....
Thoughts? Or kind correction from the scriptures please

AmosAU
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Re: Old TestamentYHWH” passages applied to “JESUS”

#7 Post by AmosAU » 7 years ago

GodsWordIsTruth wrote:
52 years ago
Hopefully, no one takes out the pitchforks for the following. It's just my initial thought while reading some of this information:
YHWH seems more like a title then the personal name of God. At least that's how God seems to use the "name "vs. the way we use the "name "....
Thoughts? Or kind correction from the scriptures please
Well, that's the conclusion that I've come to also sister. I'd also suggest that this is right when we consider that YHWH gave HIS name to Jesus (Yeshua).
Bearing in mind the pitchforks.......I have come to believe that the Father is "possibly" unnamed as far as the bible is concerned. If we consider the optional meanings of what the name YHWH, the Tetragramaton has, I think this could be a reality.

There is so much that starts to change when we can open a door like this.

Amos.

johnamos
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Re: Old TestamentYHWH” passages applied to “JESUS”

#8 Post by johnamos » 7 years ago

by AmosAU
I'd also suggest that this is right when we consider that YHWH gave HIS name to Jesus (Yeshua).
YEHOWAH

YEHOSHUA

GodsWordIsTruth
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Re: Old TestamentYHWH” passages applied to “JESUS”

#9 Post by GodsWordIsTruth » 7 years ago

johnamos wrote:
52 years ago
by AmosAU
I'd also suggest that this is right when we consider that YHWH gave HIS name to Jesus (Yeshua).
YEHOWAH

YEHOSHUA
I don't understand the significance of this? What am I missing?

johnamos
Posts: 116
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Re: Old TestamentYHWH” passages applied to “JESUS”

#10 Post by johnamos » 7 years ago

by AmosAU

1) In Deuteronomy, Moses describes YHWH as “King of kings and Lord of lords”;

Deut. 10:17; “For the LORD H3068 your God is God of gods, and Lord of lords, a great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regardeth not persons, nor taketh reward:”
Deuteronomy 10:17 For Jehovah YOUR God is the God of gods and the Lord of lords, the God great, mighty and fear-inspiring, who treats none with partiality nor accepts a bribe,

http://biblehub.com/deuteronomy/10-17.htm
by AmosAU

John applies this title, “Lord of lords and King of kings,” directly to Jesus;

Rev. 17:14; “These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful.”

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