Chiastic Structure in Genesis

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Bobcat
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Re: Chiastic Structure in Genesis

#31 Post by Bobcat » 1 year ago

Thank you both, Stranger and Marina, for your encouraging thoughts.


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Re: Chiastic Structure in Genesis [Use of Toledoth & Index]

#32 Post by Bobcat » 1 year ago

So, revising from my post # 27, and using the Hebrew word toledoth ("history" or "generations"; Strong's # 8435) as the marker for the major parts of Genesis, we could structure Genesis as below.

One note on the first line I labelled "Intro": Toledoth does not occur in Gen 1:1, but there is a similar structure to the toledoth sections that follow. Gen 1:1 is basically a statement about the creation of the physical universe. It is followed by the narrative describing the preparation of the earth. So that you have a 'toledoth' (of sorts) of the universe, followed by its natural follow on, a narrative of what happens to one of its 'children,' namely, the earth.

The organization of the book of Genesis is simply amazing!

Index to the Book of Genesis (Compare also with post # 44)

. . . . . .Toledoth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Narrative

Intro . . In the beginning . . . . . . . . . Preparation of Earth Narrative (Gen 1:1-2:3) (See post # 3)

01. . . . of the heavens & earth . . . . .Creation & Fall of Man, Cain & Abel Narrative (Gen 2:4-4:26) (See post # 4)

02. . . . of Adam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Seth to Noah, Pre-Flood Narrative (Gen 5:1-32; 6:1-8) (See post # 5)

03. . . . of Noah . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Flood Narrative (Gen 6:9-9:29)

04. . . . of Noah's sons . . . . . . . . . . .Table of Nations, Tower of Babel (Gen 10:1-32; 11:1-9)

05. . . . of Shem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Arphaxad to Terah (Gen 11:10-26)

06. . . . of Terah . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Abraham Narrative (Gen 11:27-25:11) (See also posts # 8, 37-38)

07. . . . of Ishmael . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ishmael's descendants (Gen 25:12-18)

08. . . . of Isaac . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Jacob Narrative (Gen 25:19-35:29) (See also posts # 39-41)

09. . . . of Esau . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Esau's descendants (Gen 36:1-37:1)

10. . . . of Jacob . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Joseph Narrative (Gen 37:2-50:26) (See also posts # 42-43)

Additional Notes:
1. For a chronology of Genesis, including corrections applied from the LXX & SP, see this post.

2. For a discussion of Genesis 4:26 ("calling on the name of Jehovah") see this thread.

3. See Tadua's very interesting article on the Table of Nations at the BP site here. This article traces some of the names of the descendants of Japheth throughout Europe.

4. See post # 36 to see how the first 11 chapters of Genesis form a repeating or dual storyline, of sorts.

5. Regarding water sources for the Deluge, see "Additional Note" # 4 at the bottom of post # 5 in this thread.

6. Numerous links to Pangaea/Panthalassa and water sources for the Deluge can also be found in posts # 48, 49, 57 in this thread.

7. Post # 8 shows the chiastic structure to Gen chapter 24. This is the marriage between Isaac & Rebekah. There is also a link at the bottom of the post related to the gesture of putting the hand under the thigh in oath taking.

8. Links to two threads related to Noah's curse on Canaan and similarities between the accounts about Noah and Lot: See post # 62 in this thread.

[I used up all my ten allowed hyperlinks for this post. So some of the references have to be identified with a post number.]


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Re: Chiastic Structure in Genesis [Is Genesis History? Video Series]

#33 Post by Bobcat » 1 year ago

For any interested, here is a YouTube channel entitled, Is Genesis History?

It has some interesting documentaries related to the flood of Noah's day and archaeology. There is some really interesting stuff they have compiled.

One thing I will note is that they believe the days of creation in Genesis 1 are literal 24 hour days. I personally don't agree with that position. But just so you know. And that is a different discussion from the flood of Noah's day.

Some of the videos discuss the layering that one sees in the canyon walls of the Grand Canyon and how it supports a major catastrophe as opposed to millions of years of time. Another video discusses the Mount Saint Helens eruption and how coal is formed and its ramifications for a global flood.

Anyways, that is a taste of the videos they have.


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Re: Chiastic Structure in Genesis

#34 Post by Bobcat » 1 year ago

The literary structures that make up the toledoth that begins at Gen 2:4 and ends at Gen 4:26 are in place in this post.


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Re: Chiastic Structure in Genesis

#35 Post by Bobcat » 1 year ago

Linking some other threads and resources related to Noah and the Great Flood here for cross reference purposes:
Is Genesis History? YouTube channel dedicated to archaelogical evidence of the Flood.

What Was the Shape of Noah's Ark? Thread discussion.

Problems With Noah's Ark and the Flood. Thread discussion.

Rulership of Mankind in the Pre-Flood Era. Post attempting to show God's purpose for the pre-flood era.

Index to the Gentile Times Reconsidered thread has numerous posts related to Genesis.

Repeating Genealogy/Narrative Pattern to the whole book of Genesis

Repeating Structure of the 1st Eleven Chapters of Genesis

Amos' Thread on Genesis

As I find other related material I will add it here.


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Chiastic Structure in Genesis - Repetition in Gen 1 to 11

#36 Post by Bobcat » 1 year ago

What follows is a symmetry of the first 11 chapters of Genesis. What the structure highlights is the repetitive or duplicate story line that the first eleven chapters portray. In the structure of the repetition, the flood serves as a sort of recreation. And Noah serves as a sort of new Adam. The structure was taken from here and modified slightly:

The Primeval History (Genesis 1 to 11)

A. Creation; God's words to Adam (Gen 1:1-3:24)

. . . B. Adam's sons (Gen 4:1-16)

. . . . . . C. Technological development of mankind (Gen 4:17-26)

. . . . . . . . . D. Ten Generations from Adam to Noah (Gen 5:1-32); Downfall: Sons of God (Gen 6:1-8)


A^ Flood; God's words to Noah (Gen 6:8-9:17)

. . . B^ Noah's sons (Gen 9:18-29)

. . . . . . C^ Ethnic development of mankind (Gen 10:1-32)

. . . . . . . . . D^ Downfall: Tower of Babel (Gen 11:1-9); Ten generations from Noah to Terah (Gen 11:10-26)


It is also possible to see in this structure (the parallel "D" portions) the gathering of Satan's empire, as it were. In Genesis 6:1-8 he gains rulership over the disobedient angels. (Mt 12:24; Mk 3:22; Lu 11:15; Rev 12:4; And here) And in Genesis 11:1-9 rulership over the budding human kingdoms is 'delivered' to him. (Lu 4:5-8; And here)


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Re: Chiastic Structure in Genesis

#37 Post by Bobcat » 1 year ago

Sub-Chiastic Structures in the Abraham Narrative (Part 1: Genesis 11:27-18:33)


What follows is Part 1 of the sub-chiastic structures that make up the individual parts of the Abraham Narrative (Genesis 11:27-25:11). Many of the individual stories within the larger narrative are told using a symmetrical literary pattern. It appears that this was a standard way of formulating an account, perhaps as a memory aid, seeing how most people would hear these stories rather than having a personal copy of them.
Genesis Chapter 11:27-32
Descendants of Terah (Gen 11:27-32)

Genealogy of Shem: See here and here. (Gen 11:10-26; Added for completeness.)

Genealogy of Terah: See here.

Genesis Timeline (corrected for LXX and SP variations): Here

Genesis Chapter 12
The Call of Abram (Gen 12:1-9)

A. Words of God (Gen 12:1-3)

. . . B. Response of Abram (Gen 12:4-6)

A^ Words of God (Gen 12:7)

. . . B^ Response of Abram (Gen 12:8-9)

Legend: A=Words of God B=Response of Abram
Abram and Sarai in Egypt (Gen 12:10-20)

A. Arrival to Egypt (Gen 12:10)

. . . B. The lie of Abram (Gen 12:11-13) (אחתי)

. . . . . . C. Sarai was taken into Pharaoh's palace (Gen 12:14-15) (בת)

. . . . . . . . . D. Abram got many properties (Gen 12:16)

. . . . . . C^ Disasters in Pharaoh's palace (Gen 12:17) (בתו)

. . . B^ The lie is revealed (Gen 12:18-19) (אחתי)

A^ Departure from Egypt (Gen 12:20)

Legend: A=Departure B=Fake C=Pharaoh's palace

Genesis Chapter 13
Abram and Lot Separate (Gen 13:1-18)

A. Abram's migration and an altar (Gen 13:1-4) (המזבח)

. . . B. Dwelling together (Gen 13:5-7)

. . . . . . C. Please separate from me (Gen 13:8-9) (הפרד)

. . . . . . . . . D. Before Yahweh had destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah (Gen 13:10)

. . . . . . C^ They separated from each other (Gen 13:11) (ויפרדו)

. . . B^ Dwelling separately (Gen 13:12-13)

A^ Abram's migration and an altar (Gen 13:14-18) (מזבח)

Legend: A=Abram's migration and an altar B=Dwellings C=Separation D=Sodom

Genesis Chapter 14
Lot's Captivity (Gen 14:1-12)

A. Nine kings, war, Valley of Siddim (Gen 14:1-4)

. . . B. Chedorlaomer and the kings allied (Gen 14:5-6)

. . . . . . C. Turning back and obedience (Gen 14:7)

. . . B^ The kings of Sodom marched out (Gen 14:8)

A^ Nine kings, war, Valley of Siddim (Gen 14:9-12)

Legend: A=Nine kings B=Marching C=Turning back
Abram and Melchizedek (Gen 14:13-24)

A. Eshcol, Aner and Mamre (Gen 14:13) (ממרא)

. . . B. Bringing back possessions (Gen 14:14-17) (הרכשׁ)

. . . . . . C. Blessing of Melchizedek (Gen 14:18-20)

. . . B^ Abandoning possessions (Gen 14:21) (והרכשׁ)

A^ Eshcol, Aner and Mamre (Gen 14:22-24) (וממרא)

Legend: A=Eshcol, Aner and Mamre B=Possessions C=Blessing of Melchizedek

Genesis Chapter 15
God's Covenant with Abram (Gen 15:1-20)

A. Promise of giving a land (Gen 15:1-9) (לתת)

. . . B. Offering (Gen 15:10-12)

. . . . . . C. Prophecy about descendants (Gen 15:13-16)

. . . B^ Offering is accepted (Gen 15:17)

A^ Promise of giving a land (Gen 15:18-21) (נתתי)

Legend: A=Promise of giving a land B=Offering C=Prophecy about descendants
An Alternative Structuring of Gen 15:1-20

A. Call of Yahweh (Gen 15:1)

. . . B. Response of Abraham (Gen 15:2-3)

. . . . . . C. Prophecy about descendants (Gen 15:4)

. . . . . . . . . D. Promise of Yahweh (Gen 15:5-6)

A^ Call of Yahweh (Gen 15:7)

. . . B^ Response of Abraham (Gen 15:8-11)

. . . . . . C^ Prophecy about descendants (Gen 15:13-16)

. . . . . . . . . D^ Promise of Yahweh (Gen 15:17-20)

Genesis Chapter 16
The Birth of Ishmael (Gen 16:1-16)

A. Abram's wife Sarai had borne him no children (Gen 16:1-4) (ילדה)

. . . B. May the LORD decide between you and me (Gen 16:5-6)

. . . . . . C. I will make your descendants so numerous (Gen 16:7-12)

. . . B^ I really seen God and remained alive (Gen 16:13-14) (16:13)

A^ Hagar bore Abram a son (Gen 16:15-16) (ותלד)

Legend: A=Birth of a child B=Judgement of God C=Prophecy about descendants

Genesis Chapter 17
The Sign of the Covenant (Gen 17:1-27)

A. Words of God and response of Abraham (Gen 17:1-3a)

. . . B. Renamed to Abraham (Gen 17:3b-8) (שׁמך)

. . . . . . C. Covenant through circumcision (Gen 17:9-14) (בריתי)

A^ Words of God and response of Abraham (Gen 17:15-16)

. . . B^ you shall call him Isaac (Gen 17:17-22) (שׁמו)

. . . . . . C^ Circumcision (Gen 17:23-27) (ברית)

Legend: A=Words of God and response of Abraham B=Naming C=Covenant

And below is an alternate chiasm of Genesis 17. It has a more traditional chiastic pattern. Additionally, there is a possible comparison between this chiasm and a chiasm of the prologue of the gospel of John (Jn 1:1-18): See Here.

A. Abram’s age (Gen 17:1a)

. . . B. Yahweh appears to Abram (Gen 17:1b)

. . . . . . C. God’s first speech (Gen 17:1c–2)

. . . . . . . . . D. Abram falls on his face (Gen 17:3)

. . . . . . . . . . . . E. God’s second speech (emphasizing “names/kings/nations”) (Gen 17:4–8)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . X. God’s third/most important speech (emphasizing “the covenant”) (Gen 17:9–14)

. . . . . . . . . . . . E^ God’s fourth speech (emphasizing “names/kings/ nations”) (Gen 17:15–16)

. . . . . . . . . D^ Abraham falls on his face (Gen 17:17–18)

. . . . . . C^ God’s fifth speech (Gen 17:19–21)

. . . B^ Yahweh goes up from Abram (Gen 17:22–23)

A^ Abraham’s age (Gen 17:24–25)

Taken from Chiasmus: An Important Structural Device Commonly Found in Biblical Literature, (Brad McCoy, p. 18).

Genesis Chapter 18
Son Promised to Abraham and Sarah (Gen 18:1-15)

A. Abraham welcomed guests (Gen 18:1-8)

. . . B. Interaction of Abraham and guests (Gen 18:9)

. . . . . . C. Prophecy of Sarah's birth (Gen 18:10) (בן)

. . . . . . . . . D. Sarah laughed (Gen 18:11-12) (ותצחק)

. . . . . . . . . D^ Why did Sarah laugh (Gen 18:13) (צחקה)

. . . . . . C^ Prophecy of Sarah's birth (Gen 18:14) (בן)

. . . B^ Interaction of Sarah and Yahweh (Gen 18:15)

A^ Abraham sees guests on their way (Gen 18:16)

Legend: A=Abraham's hospitality B=Dialogue C=Prophecy of Sarah's pregnancy D=Sarah laughs
Yahweh and Abraham Discuss Justice and Sodom (Gen 18:17-33)

A. Yahweh stops to speak with Abraham (Gen 18:17)

. . . B. What Yahweh will do for Abraham and what He expects of him (Gen 18:18-19)

. . . . . . C. Yahweh intends to see about outcry against Sodom (Gen 18:20-22)

. . . B^ What Yahweh will do to Sodom and what Abraham expects of Him (Gen 18:23-32)

A^ Yahweh ends discussion with Abraham and goes on (Gen 18:33)

Legend: A=Start and end of discussion B=Expectations C=Outcry against Sodom



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Re: Chiastic Structure in Genesis

#38 Post by Bobcat » 1 year ago

Sub-Chiastic Structures in the Abraham Narrative (Part 2: Genesis 19:1-25:11)


What follows is Part 2 of the sub-chiastic structures that make up the individual parts of the Abraham Narrative (Genesis 11:27-25:11). Many of the individual stories within the larger narrative are told using a symmetrical literary pattern. It appears that this was a standard way of formulating an account, perhaps as a memory aid, seeing how most people would hear these stories rather than having a personal copy of them.

Genesis Chapter 19
The Depravity of Sodom (Gen 19:1-11) (See here)

A. Lot invites two angels into his home (Gen 19:1-3) (ביתו)

. . . B. Wickedness of men in Sodom (Gen 19:4-5)

. . . . . . C. Lot attempts to persuade Sodomites (Gen 19:6-8)

. . . B^ Wickedness of men in Sodom (Gen 19:9)

A^ Two angels pull Lot back into his home (Gen 19:10-11) (הביתה)

Legend: A=Entering into the home B=Wickedness of men in Sodom C=Lot's attempts persuasion
Sodom and Gomorrah Destroyed (Gen 19:12-29)

A. The angels tried to save Lot and his relatives (Gen 19:12-14)

. . . B. Don't look back (Gen 19:15-17) (תביט)

. . . . . . C. Let me flee there-- it's a small place (Gen 19:18-20) (מצער)

. . . . . . . . . D. Yahweh gives permission to go to Zoar (Gen 19:21-22a)

. . . . . . C^ Lot arrived in Zoar (meaning "small place") (Gen 19:22b-23) (צערה)

. . . B^ Lot's wife looked back (Gen 19:24-26) (ותבט)

A^ Lot was saved from Sodom (Gen 19:27-29)

Legend: A=Salvation B=Looking back C=To escape in a small town D=Permission of Yahweh
The Shameful Origin of Moab and Ammon (Gen 19:30-38)

A. Lot lived in a cave with two daughters (Gen 19:30)

. . . B. The older daughter lay with Lot (Gen 19:31-33) (ונשׁכבה)

. . . B^ The younger daughter lay with Lot (Gen 19:34-35) (שׁכבתי)

A^ Lot and children of two daughters (Gen 19:36-38)

Legend: A=Lot and children of two daughters B=The sisters

Genesis Chapter 20
Abraham and Sarah at Gerar (Gen 20:1-18)

A. Abimelech took Sarah (Gen 20:1-3)

. . . B. Abraham will pray for you and you shall live (Gen 20:4-7) (ויתפלל)

. . . . . . C. Words of Abimelech (Gen 20:8-10)

. . . . . . . . . D. Apology of Abraham (Gen 20:11-13)

. . . . . . C^ Words of Abimelech (Gen 20:14-16)

. . . B^ Abraham prayed to God (Gen 20:17) (ויתפלל)

A^ Abraham intercedes for Abimelech so they could bear children (Gen 20:18)

Legend: A=Sin about Sarah B=Prayer C=Words of Abimelech D=Apology of Abraham

Genesis Chapter 21
The Birth of Isaac (Gen 21:1-8)

A. Sarah became pregnant and bore Abraham a son in his old age (Gen 21:1-2) (לזקניו)

. . . B. Naming Isaac (Gen 21:3)

. . . . . . C. Isaac's circumcision (Gen 21:4)

. . . B^ Cause of naming Isaac (Gen 21:5-6)

A^ Yet I have borne him a son in his old age (Gen 21:7-8) (לזקניו)

Legend: A=Old age of Abraham B=Name of Issac C=Isaac's circumcision
Hagar and Ishmael Sent Away (Gen 21:9-21)

A. Abraham grieved losing his child (Gen 21:9-11)

. . . B. As for the son of the slave woman, I will make a great nation of him also (Gen 21:12-13) (לגוי)

. . . . . . C. Abraham sent Hagar in the wilderness with breads and water (Gen 21:14) (מים)

A^ Hagar grieved her child to die (Gen 21:15-16)

. . . B^ I will make of him a great nation (Gen 21:17-18) (לגוי)

. . . . . . C^ Hagar lived in the wilderness, Yahweh gave water (Gen 21:19-21) (מים)

Legend: A=Grief of losing a child B=A great nation C=Giving water in the wilderness
The Covenant of Abram and Abimelech (Gen 21:22-34)

A. Arrival of Abimelech and Phicol (Gen 21:22-23)

. . . B. Words of Abraham (Gen 21:24-25)

. . . . . . C. Words of Abimelech (Gen 21:26)

. . . . . . . . . D. Making a pact (Gen 21:27)

. . . . . . C^ Words of Abimelech (Gen 21:28-29)

. . . B^ Words of Abraham (Gen 21:30-31)

A^ Return of Abimelech and Phicol (Gen 21:32-34)

Legend: A=Arrival and return of Abimelech B=Words of Abraham C=Words of Abimelech D=A Pact

Genesis Chapter 22
The Command to Sacrifice Isaac (Gen 22:1-19) (The Aqedah see here)

A. There you shall offer him up as a holocaust (Gen 22:1-2)

. . . B. God himself will provide the sheep for the holocaust (Gen 22:3-8) (יראה)

. . . . . . C. I know now how devoted you are to God (Gen 22:9-12)

. . . B^ Abraham named the site Yahweh-yireh (Gen 22:13-14) (יראה)

A^ You did in not withholding from me your beloved son (Gen 22:15-19)

Legend: A=Offering one's child B=God will provide C=How devoted you are to God
The Children of Nahor (Gen 22:20-24)

A. List of Milcah's children (Gen 22:20-22)

. . . B. Bethuel became the father of Rebekah (Gen 22:23)

A^ List of Reumah's children (Gen 22:24)

Legend: A=List of children B=Bethuel became father of Rebekah

Genesis Chapter 23
Sarah's Death and Burial (Gen 23:1-20)

A. Abraham wished a burial ground for Sarah (Gen 23:1-6) (שׂרה)

. . . B. Abraham wished to buy a burial ground (Gen 23:7-9) (המכפלה)

. . . . . . C. Ephron accepted (Gen 23:10-11)

. . . . . . . . . D. I will pay you the price of the field (Gen 23:12-13)

. . . . . . C^ Ephron accepted (Gen 23:14-15)

. . . B^ Abraham bought Ephron's field in Machpelah (Gen 23:16-18) (במכפלה)

A^ Abraham buried Sarah in a burial ground (Gen 23:19-20) (שׂר)

Legend: A=Burial ground for Sarah B=To buy Machpelah C=Ephron accepted D=Abraham will pay for field

Genesis Chapter 24
The Marriage of Isaac and Rebekah (Gen 24:1-66) (See also here)

A. You will go to my land and to my relatives to get a wife for Isaac (Gen 24:1-4)

. . . B. What if the woman is unwilling to follow me to this land? (Gen 24:5-9)

. . . . . . C. Prayer and realization about choosing daughter as Isaac's wife (Gen 24:10-20)

. . . . . . . . . D. Gold accessaries, acceptance of Rebekah (Gen 24:21-25)

. . . . . . . . . . . . E. Thanks to Yahweh, who led the journey (Gen 24:26-27)

. . . . . . . . . D^ Gold accessories, acceptance of Laban (Gen 24:28-31)

. . . . . . C^ Explanation about prayer and realization about choosing daughter as Isaac's wife (Gen 24:32-54)

. . . B^ Rebekah consented to go (Gen 24:55-60)

A^ Isaac married with Rebekah (Gen 24:61-66)

Legend: A=Marriage B=Will of the woman C=Choosing wife for Isaac D=Gold accessories E=Thanks to Yahweh

Genesis Chapter 25
Abraham Marries Keturah (Gen 25:1-6)

A. Children list of another wife (Gen 25:1-4)

. . . B. Abraham deeded everything that he owned to his son Isaac (Gen 25:5)

A^ Children of another wife were sent away (Gen 25:6)

Legend: A=Children of another wife B=Isaac's inheritance
The Death of Abraham (Gen 25:7-11)

A. Death of Abraham (Gen 25:7-8)

. . . B. His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah (Gen 25:9a) (ויקברו)

. . . . . . C. Field that Abraham had bought from the Hittites (Gen 25:9b-10a)

. . . B^ Abraham was buried next to his wife Sarah (Gen 25:10b) (קבר)

A^ After the death of Abraham (Gen 25:11)

Legend: A=Death of Abraham B=Burial C=Purchase of a tomb


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Re: Chiastic Structure in Genesis

#39 Post by Bobcat » 1 year ago

Sub-Chiastic Structures in the Jacob Narrative (Part 1: Genesis 25:19-28:22)


What follows are the sub-chiastic structures that make up the individual parts of the Jacob Narrative (Genesis 25:19-35:29). Many of the individual stories within the larger narrative are told using a symmetrical literary pattern. It appears that this was a standard way of formulating an account, perhaps as a memory aid, seeing how most people would hear these stories rather than having a personal copy of them.

Genesis Chapter 25:19-34
The Birth and Youth of Esau and Jacob (Gen 25:19-28)

A. Isaac was forty years old when he took to wife Rebekah (Gen 25:19-20).

. . . B. Rebekah was barren; prayer for children was answered (Gen 25:21a).

. . . . . . C. Rebekah conceives, Jacob and Esau struggled within her (Gen 25:21b-22a).

. . . . . . . . . D. Rebekah asks for an oracle (Gen 25:22b)

. . . . . . . . . D^ Yahweh grants her an oracle (Gen 25:23)

. . . . . . C^ Rebekah deliverers. She bears twins (Gen 25:24b).

. . . B^ Jacob and Esau are contrasted in birth and appearance (Gen 25:25-26a).

A^ Isaac was sixty years old when Rebekah bore the twins (Gen 25:26b-28).

Legend: A: Age of Issac B: Contrast of Jacob & Esau C: Conception & Birth D: Request & grant of oracle
Esau Sells His Birthright (Gen 25:29-34)

A. Esau wanted Jacob's stew (Gen 25:29-30) (נגיד)

. . . B. First give me your birthright (Gen 25:31) (מכרה)

. . . . . . C. Esau despised his birthright (Gen 25:32)

. . . B^ Esau sold Jacob his birthright under oath (Gen 25:33) (וימכר)

A^ Jacob gave the stew to Esau (Gen 25:34) (ונגיד)

Legend: A: The stew B: To sell the birthright C: Esau despised his birthright.

Genesis Chapter 26
Isaac and Abimelech (Gen 26:1-14)

A. Yahweh says 'Stay in land, and I will be with you and bless you' (Gen 26:1-5) (ואברכך)

. . . B. Isaac's subterfuge, fears being killed for Rebekah (Gen 26:6-7)

. . . . . . C. The subterfuge revealed to Abimelech (Gen 26:8)

. . . B^ Isaac explains his fear to Abimelech (Gen 26:9-11)

A^ Since Yahweh blessed him, he became richer all the time (Gen 26:12-14) (ויברכהו)

Legend: A: Blessing of Yahweh B: Fear of being harmed C: Lie was revealed

Note: About Abimelech: Here.
Trouble with Wells, Covenant with God (Gen 26:15-25)

A. Philistines filled wells that Abraham's servants had dug (Gen 26:15-16)

. . . B. Isaac reopens wells and names them same as his father did (Gen 26:17-18) (שׁם)

. . . B^ Isaac called it Rehoboth (Gen 26:19-22) (שׁמה)

A^ Isaac's servants began to dig a well (Gen 26:23-25)

Legend: A: Filling / Digging a well B: Naming of a well
Covenant with Abimelech (Gen 26:26-33)

A. Abimelech came to Isaac (Gen 26:26-29)

. . . B. They exchanged oaths (Gen 26:30-31)

A^ Isaac's servants returned to Isaac (Gen 26:32)

. . . B^ He called it Shibah (Gen 26:33)

Legend: A: Coming to Issac B: Oath

Note: Shibah sounds like Hebrew for "oath"; Beer Sheba means "well of an oath")

Below is an alternative structure for this passage. It illustrates the subjectiveness of determining the structure that the writer intended:

Covenant with Abimelech (Gen 26:26-33)

A. Abimelech came to Isaac (Gen 26:26)

. . . B. You hate me and have driven me away from you (Gen 26:27)

. . . . . . C. Let us make a pact with you (Gen 26:28-30)

. . . B^ Isaac bade them farewell, and they departed from him in peace (Gen 26:31)

A^ Isaac's servants returned to Isaac (Gen 26:32-33)

Notes:
A 'little perspective' on Genesis chapters 25-26: Here.
About Isaac and the wells: Here.
Esau's Hittite Wives (Gen 26:34-35)

There is no chiastic structure for these two verses, but Constable's Notes has some interesting comments about the significance of Moses inserting this information here:
ESAU’S MARRIAGE 26:34-35

We can identify three purposes for this brief section.

1. Moses explained and justified the reason for Jacob’s later departure for Paddan-aram (Gen 27:46—28:2).

2. Moses identified the ancestors of the Edomites who later played a major role in Israel’s history.

3. Moses revealed Esau’s carnal character again.

Esau showed no interest in the special calling of his family but sought to establish himself as a great man in the world by marrying Canaanite women (cf. Gen 11:4). These were evidently the daughters of Canaanite lords. The Canaanites were, of course, under God’s curse (Gen 9:25-27). Contrast Esau’s method of securing wives with Abraham’s plan to identify God’s choice of a wife for Isaac.

“These preliminary notices [in Gen 26:34, 35] put into perspective the cunning deed of Jacob and Rebekah. They demonstrate that Esau was not fit to inherit the blessing.”

Genesis Chapter 27
Jacob Steals the Blessing (Gen 27:1-40)

A. Isaac wanted to bless Esau (Gen 27:1-4)

. . . B. Stratagem of Rebekah (Gen 27:5-17)

. . . . . . C. Which of my sons are you? (Gen 27:18-25) (מיאתה)

. . . . . . . . . D. Blessing for Jacob (Gen 27:26-29)

. . . . . . C^ Who are you? (Gen 27:30-34) (מיאתה)

. . . B^ Stratagem of Rebekah was revealed (Gen 27:35-37)

A^ Isaac blessed Esau (Gen 27:38-40)

Legend: A=Blessing for Esau B=Stratagem of Rebekah C=Who are you? D=Blessing for Jacob
Rebekah Recommends That Jacob Flee (Gen 27:41-45)

A. When the time of mourning for my father comes, I will kill my brother Jacob (Gen 27:41)

. . . B. She called her younger son Jacob (Gen 27:42)

. . . . . . C. Flee at once to my brother Laban in Haran (Gen 27:43-44)

. . . B^ I will send for you and bring you back. (Gen 27:45a)

A^ Must I lose both of you in a single day? (Gen 27:45b)

Legend: A=Stratagem to kill Jacob B=To bring back Jacob C=Jacob's escape

Genesis Chapter 28
Jacob Escapes Esau's Fury (Gen 27:46-28:9)

A. I am disgusted with life because of the Hittite women (Gen 27:46)

. . . B. Isaac therefore called Jacob, greeted him with a blessing, and charged him (Gen 28:1-4) (ויברך)

. . . . . . C. Then Isaac sent Jacob on his way (Gen 28:5)

. . . B^ Esau noted that Isaac had blessed Jacob when he sent him to Paddan-aram (Gen 28:6-7) (כיברך)

A^ Esau realized how displeasing the Canaanite women were to his father Isaac (Gen 28:8-9)

Legend: A=Disgust against foreign wives B=Blessing for Jacob C=Departure of Jacob
Jacob's Dream at Bethel (Gen 28:10-22)

A. Taking shrine stone, Jacob put it under his head and sleeps at that spot (Gen 28:10-12) (מאבני)

. . . B. Yahweh will protect Jacob wherever he goes, and bring back to this land (Gen 28:13-15) (והשׁבתיך)

A^ Early next morning Jacob took stone that he had put under his head (Gen 28:16-19) (האבן)

. . . B^ Jacob vows, if came back safe to father's house, Yahweh shall be his God (Gen 28:20-22) (ושׁבתי)

Legend: A=A stone pillow B=Return

Note: A Jewish perspective on Genesis chapters 25-28: Here.

Bobcat

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Bobcat
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Re: Chiastic Structure in Genesis

#40 Post by Bobcat » 1 year ago

Sub-Chiastic Structures in the Jacob Narrative (Part 2: Genesis 29:1-33:20)


What follows are the sub-chiastic structures that make up the individual parts of the Jacob Narrative (Genesis 25:19-35:29). Many of the individual stories within the larger narrative are told using a symmetrical literary pattern. It appears that this was a standard way of formulating an account, perhaps as a memory aid, seeing how most people would hear these stories rather than having a personal copy of them.

Genesis Chapter 29 & 30
Jacob Meets Rachel (Gen 29:1-14b)

A. How to give water to sheep (Gen 29:1-3) (צאן)

. . . B. Information about Laban and Rachel (Gen 29:4-6)

A^ How to give water to sheep (Gen 29:7-10) (צאן)

. . . B^ Encounter with Laban and Rachel (Gen 29:11-14b)

Legend: A=To give water to sheep B=Laban and Rachel
Jacob Marries Laban's Daughters (Gen 29:14c-30)

A. The first covenant with Laban (Gen 29:14c-19)

. . . B. Working for 7 years, marrying with Leah (Gen 29:20-24)

A^ The second covenant with Laban (Gen 29:25-27)

. . . B^ Working for 7 years, marrying with Rachel (Gen 29:28-30)

Legend: A=The covenants with Laban B=Working 7 years twice
Children of Jacob (Gen 29:31-30:24)

A. Rachel remained barren (Gen 29:31)

. . . B. Leah bore sons (Gen 29:32-35)

. . . . . . C. Negotiations with Rachel and Jacob (Gen 30:1-3)

. . . . . . . . . D. Bilhah bore sons (Gen 30:4-8)

. . . . . . . . . D^ Zilpah bore sons (Gen 30:9-13)

. . . . . . C^ Negotiations with Rachel and Leah (Gen 30:14-16)

. . . B^ Leah bore sons (Gen 30:17-21)

A^ Rachel conceived and bore a son (Gen 30:22-24)

Legend: A=Rachel and children B=Leah bore sons C=Negotiations D=Maidservants bore sons
Jacob Prospers at Laban's Expense (Gen 30:25-43)

A. Jacob must now do something for his own household as well (Gen 30:25-30)

. . . B. Promise of rewards, spotted or speckled sheep and goats (Gen 30:31-34) (נקד)

. . . . . . C. Spotted or speckled sheep and goats are hidden (Gen 30:35-36)

. . . B^ Spotted or speckled sheep and goats are increased (Gen 30:37-42) (נקדים)

A^ Jacob grew increasingly prosperous (Gen 30:43)

Legend: A=Property of Jacob B=Spotted or speckled sheep & goats C=Deceit of Laban

Genesis Chapter 31
Jacob Flees with Family and Flocks (Gen 31:1-21)

A. Jacob accused of stealing Laban's property (Gen 31:1-2)

. . . B. Return to the land of your fathers (Gen 31:3) (שׁוב)

. . . . . . C. The God of my father has been with me (Gen 31:4-7)

. . . . . . . . . D. If speckled were Jacob's wages, then entire flock would be speckled (Gen 31:8) (נקדים)

. . . . . . . . . . . . E. In this way God reclaimed Laban's livestock and gave it to Jacob (Gen 31:9)

. . . . . . . . . D^ Jacob had dream, saw mating he-goats that were streaked, speckled, mottled (Gen 31:10) (נקדים)

. . . . . . C^ Angel saw all the things that Laban had been doing to Jacob (Gen 31:11-12)

. . . B^ Leave this land and return to the land of your birth (Gen 31:13)(ושׁוב)

A^ Jacob fled from Laban with Laban's possessions (Gen 31:14-21)

Legend: A=Taking Laban's property B=Return to land of ancestors C=God with Jacob D=Speckled domestic animals E=God gave to Jacob
Laban Overtakes Jacob (Gen 31:22-42)

A. God appeared to Laban in a dream and warned him (Gen 31:22-30)

. . . B. Jacob had no idea that Rachel had stolen the idols (Gen 31:31-32)

. . . . . . C. Laban couldn't find his idol (Gen 31:33-34)

. . . B^ Rachel hid Laban's idol (Gen 31:35)

A^ God saw Jacob's plight and fruits of his toil, and gave judgment. (Gen 31:36-42)

Legend: A=Help of God B=Deceit of Rachel C=Laban couldn't find his idol
Laban and Jacob Make a Covenant (Gen 31:43-54)

A. Jacob took a stone and set it up as a memorial stone (Gen 31:43-46) (מצבה)

. . . B. Laban called it Jegar-sahadutha, but Jacob named it Galeed. (Gen 31:47-48)

. . . B^ Mizpah (Gen 31:49-50)

A^ here is the memorial stone that I have set up between you and me. (Gen 31:51-54) (המצבה)

Legend: A=Memorial stone B=Name of the memorial stone


The next few symmetries of Gen 32 & 33 (in this post and the next one) are taken, in part, from here.
Genesis Chapters 32 & 33

Jacob's Journey to Canaan (Gen 32:1-33:20)

A. Jacob continues his journey to Canaan (Gen 32:1a)

. . . B. Angels of God encounter Jacob and he names the place "two camps" (Gen 32:1b-2)

. . . . . . C. Jacob's entourage to Esau (Gen 32:3-6)

. . . . . . . . . D. Jacob fearfully prepares to meet Esau (Gen 32:7-21)

. . . . . . . . . . . . E. Jacob and his entourage prepares to meet Esau (Gen 32:7-21)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . X. Jacob wrestles with a "man" and name changed to "Israel" (Gen 32:24-32)

. . . . . . . . . . . . E^ Jacob prepares entourage to meet Esau (Gen 33:1-2)

. . . . . . . . . D^ Jacob meets Esau and bows seven times (Gen 33:3)

. . . . . . C^ Jacob and Esau greet each other (Gen 33:4-7)

. . . B^ Jacob explains his "two camps" to Esau and departs (Gen 33:8-16)

A^ Jacob arrives in Canaan (Gen 33:17-20)

Bobcat

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