Chiastic Structure in Daniel

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Bobcat
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Re: Chiastic Structure in Daniel

#11 Post by Bobcat » 5 months ago

Below is a diagram of the chiastic structure present in Daniel chapter 1 with a brief comment from Constable's Notes about how the chapter is arranged. (The chiastic structure is actually taken from John E. Goldingay's commentary on Daniel, pages 8-12.)

Chapter 1 [of Daniel] provides an introduction to the whole book. It relates early events in the lives of Daniel and his three Hebrew contemporaries, but the emphasis is on Daniel’s decisions. These choices formed the basis for his character, and his character and abilities accounted for the unusually long and successful career that he enjoyed in the service of several monarchs. His godly character also provides a key concerning God’s choice of him to receive and transmit the remarkable revelations of the future that this book contains. God’s choice of Daniel was sovereign, but Daniel’s choices qualified him to serve as God intended (cf. 1Ti 1:12).
“The first chapter . . . is introductory. It sets forth the moral condition suited to enlightenment in the ways and counsels of God. . . .

“If we are going to get the mind of God in studying this book, we must remember that it consists of revelations, deliverances and visions given to a spiritually-minded man who was separated from the iniquity of his day; and if we are to understand it, we also need to be spiritually-minded, and to walk apart from all that is unholy, all that would hinder progress in divine things.”(H. A. Ironside, Lectures on Daniel the Prophet, pp. 10, 11.)
Structurally, the chapter is a chiasm with the first 14 verses presenting a tension and the last 7 providing the resolution.


A. Babylonia assumes supremacy over Israel (Dan 1:1-2)

. . . B. Young men taken and subjected to pagan training (Dan 1:3-7)

. . . . . . C. Daniel seeks to remain faithful to his God (Dan 1:8-14)

. . . . . . C^ Daniel remains faithful to his God (Dan 1:15-16)

. . . B^ Young men triumph in their pagan training (Dan 1:17-20)

A^ Daniel proves supreme over the Babylonians (Dan 1:21)

To see how Daniel chapter one fits into the chiastic structure of the whole of the book of Daniel, see post # 2 in this thread (here).


Bobcat

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Stranger
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Re: Chiastic Structure in Daniel

#12 Post by Stranger » 5 months ago

Bobcat wrote:
5 months ago
These choices formed the basis for his character, and his character and abilities accounted for the unusually long and successful career that he enjoyed in the service of several monarchs. His godly character also provides a key concerning God’s choice of him to receive and transmit the remarkable revelations of the future that this book contains. God’s choice of Daniel was sovereign, but Daniel’s choices qualified him to serve as God intended (cf. 1Ti 1:12).

"Skill chills will give a Master many thrills."

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jYmYUU2Fwmk


Stranger, (Ec 9:11 KJV)

Bobcat
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Re: Chiastic Structure in Daniel

#13 Post by Bobcat » 5 months ago

Hi Stranger,

Daniel was a man described by Pr 22:29. (Dan 1:17, 18, 19, 20)


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Re: Chiastic Structure in Daniel

#14 Post by Stranger » 5 months ago

Bobcat wrote:
5 months ago
Daniel was a man described by Pr 22:29. (Dan 1:17, 18, 19, 20)

Hi Bobcat,

"Hands" down, Daniel stood before the King with his three proteges and as we see in Dan 1:17 why he was "a cut above" them. (Pr 23: 1-2)



I hope your doing good during this pandemonium.



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Bobcat
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Re: Chiastic Structure in Daniel

#15 Post by Bobcat » 5 months ago

What follows below is the chiastic structure apparent in each of the chapters of the Aramaic portion of Daniel, chapters 2 thru 7. For the literary structure in the entire book of Daniel see post # 2 in this thread (here).

Nebuchadnezzar's Dream of a Four Metaled Image (Dan 2:1-49)

A. King orders Chaldeans to interpret dream for him (Dan 2:1-13)

. . . B. Then Daniel talks with Arioch, to find out about king's harsh order to kill wise men (Dan 2:14-16)

. . . . . . C. Mystery revealed to Daniel in vision, he blesses God (Dan 2:17-24)

. . . B^ Daniel goes to Arioch, arranges to speak to king (Dan 2:24-25)

A^ Daniel explains mystery to king (Dan 2:26-49) (See post # 18 below)

Legend: A: Interpretation of dream B: Daniel confers with Arioch C: Mystery revealed to Daniel

Nebuchadnezzar's Image and the Trial of Daniel's Companions (Dan 3:1-30)

A. Introduction: King has image made, officials called to bow to it (Dan 3:1-7)

. . . B. Three Jewish men accused of not bowing down (Dan 3:8-12)

. . . . . . C. King questions Jews, threatens them with burning in furnace (Dan 3:13-18)

. . . . . . . . . D. They are thrown into super heated furnace (Dan 3:19-23)

. . . . . . C^ Jews come unhurt out of furnace; king amazed (Dan 3:24-26)

. . . B^ Accusers see proof that Jews were saved by their God (Dan 3:27)

A^ Conclusion: Martyrs are honored and promoted (Dan 3:28-30)

Nebuchadnezzar's Vision of a Tree And Its Fulfillment (Dan 4:1-37)

A. Prologue by king (Dan 4:1-3)

. . . B. Dream reception (Dan 4:4-7)

. . . . . . C. King requests Daniel for help to understand dream (Dan 4:8-9)

. . . . . . . . . D. Dream recital: King to Daniel (Dan 4:10-17)

. . . . . . . . . . . . E. King requests Daniel to interpret (Dan 4:18)

. . . . . . . . . . . . E^ Daniel's initial reaction to dream (Dan 4:19)

. . . . . . . . . D^ Dream interpretation: Daniel to King (Dan 4:20-26)

. . . . . . C^ Daniel gives advice to King (Dan 4:27)

. . . B^ Dream fulfillment (Dan 4:28-36)

A^ Epilogue by King (Dan 4:37)

This chiasm is a modified version of this one.

The Writing on the Wall (Dan 5:1-30)

A. Belshazzar's disrespectful banquet; writing on wall appears (Dan 5:1-6)

. . . B. King calls for interpreters, they fail (Dan 5:7-9)

. . . . . . C. Queen mother says Daniel, who served Nebuchadnezzar, able to interpret writing (Dan 5:10-12)

. . . . . . C^ Daniel called by king to interpret writing (Dan 5:13-16)

. . . B^ Daniel successfully interprets writing (Dan 5:17-28)

A^ King dies that night, Babylon falls to Medes & Persians (Dan 5:29-30)

Legend: A: Request of the king B: Interpretation efforts C: Daniel remembered

Daniel in the Lion's Den (Dan 6:1-28)

A. Introduction (Dan 6:1-2)

. . . B. Plot by enemies to kill Daniel by testing his loyalty to God. (Dan 6:3-13)

. . . . . . C. Daniel remains faithful; is thrown into lion's den; king in distress. (Dan 6:14-18)

. . . . . . . . . D. The miracle: Daniel is unharmed. (Dan 6:19-22)

. . . . . . C^ Daniel comes out unhurt out of lion's den; king delighted. (Dan 6:23)

. . . B^ Revenge on enemies: they are killed in the very way they plotted to kill Daniel (Dan 6:24)

A^ Conclusion: Daniel is honored and promoted. (Dan 6:25-28)

Daniel's Vision of the Four Beasts (Dan 7:1-8)


Prologue: Daniel has dream visions (Dan 7:1)


Part 1: The visions and explanation given

. . . . . . A. Vision of the four beasts and horns (Dan 7:2-8)

. . . . . . . . . B. Vision of the Ancient of Days; He renders judgment against beasts (Dan 7:9-12)

. . . . . . . . . . . . C. Vision of one like a son of man; receives kingdom (Dan 7:13-14)


. . . . . . A^ Four kings to arise from earth (Dan 7:15-17)

. . . . . . . . . B^ Holy ones of Most High receive the kingdom (Dan 7:18a)

. . . . . . . . . . . . C^ [Holy ones] take possession of kingdom and rule forever (Dan 7:18b)


Part 2: Daniel asks about fourth beast and explanation given

. . . . . . A. Description of fourth beast and eleven horns (Dan 7:19-20)

. . . . . . . . . B. Ancient of Days judges fourth beast (Dan 7:21-22a)

. . . . . . . . . . . . C. Time came for holy ones to be given kingdom (Dan 7:22b)


. . . . . . A^ The fourth beast and eleven horns (Dan 7:23-25)

. . . . . . . . . B^ Ancient of Days gives judgment against warring horn (Dan 7:26)

. . . . . . . . . . . . C^ Kingdom given to holy ones (Dan 7:27)


Epilogue: Daniel troubled about visions; kept them to himself (Dan 7:28)

(Note how B. & B^ in "Part 1" link "Ancient of Days" with the "Most High.")

Bobcat

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Stranger
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Re: Chiastic Structure in Daniel

#16 Post by Stranger » 5 months ago

Stranger wrote:
5 months ago
"Hands" down, Daniel stood before the King with his three proteges and as we see in Dan 1:17 why he was "a cut above" them. (Pr 23: 1-2)

Hi Bobcat,

With what I said above added with Dan 10:7, would that make a form of chiasmus?


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Bobcat
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Re: Chiastic Structure in Daniel

#17 Post by Bobcat » 4 months ago

See here for a two page PDF that compares the use of phrasing in Matthew that can also be found in Daniel. At the very least it shows the familiarity Jesus (and Matthew) had with the book of Daniel.


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Re: Chiastic Structure in Daniel

#18 Post by Bobcat » 1 week ago

The chiasm immediately below is copied from post # 15 above (here). I thought it would be handy to have within this post. What I am trying to do is to see if Daniel's answer to the king in chapter two (which occupies the "A^" line immediately below) has any literary structure to it. This is actually part of an analysis (carried over from this post) of the feet and toes of chapter two to see if the prophecy gives any sort of emphasis just to the toes.

Some have come up with various involved explanations for the toes and I wanted to see if, in some way, it was possible to justify that sort of involvement of the toes. Or, are they just part of the image of the feet, something you'd expect feet to have.

So this is the chiastic structure from post # 15 above on Daniel chapter two:

Nebuchadnezzar's Dream of a Four Metaled Image (Dan 2:1-49)

A. King orders Chaldeans to interpret dream for him (Dan 2:1-13)

. . . B. Then Daniel talks with Arioch, to find out about king's harsh order to kill wise men (Dan 2:14-16)

. . . . . . C. Mystery revealed to Daniel in vision, he blesses God (Dan 2:17-24)

. . . B^ Daniel goes to Arioch, arranges to speak to king (Dan 2:24-25)

A^ Daniel explains mystery to king (Dan 2:26-49)

Legend: A: Interpretation of dream B: Daniel confers with Arioch C: Mystery revealed to Daniel


And below is a literary structure of line A^ from the structure above. I didn't know if there was any literary structure to Daniel's message to the king. But after analyzing the passage (Dan 2:29-45), it did appear to have some repetitious pattern to it. And below is what I came up with, where the top half of the structure is mirrored in the bottom half:

A. God is revealer of the king's dream (Dan 2:29-30)

. . B. You saw a great image, bright and terrible. Head of fine gold (Dan 2:31-32a)

. . . . C. his breast and his arms of silver, (Dan 2:32b)

. . . . . . D. his belly and his thighs of brass, (Dan 2:32c)

. . . . . . . . E. His legs of iron (Dan 2:33a)

. . . . . . . . . . F. his feet part of iron and part of clay. (Dan 2:33a)

. . . . . . . . . . . . G. Stone cut, struck image, crushed to pieces, became mountain, filled earth. (Dan 2:34-35)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . H. This is the dream; (Dan 2:36a)


A^ We will tell the interpretation to the king. (Dan 2:36b)

. . B^ You are the head of gold (Dan 2:37-38)

. . . . C^ Inferior kingdom (silver) (Dan 2:39a)

. . . . . . D^ Third kingdom of bronze (Dan 2:39b)

. . . . . . . . E^ Fourth like iron (Dan 2:40)

. . . . . . . . . . F^ Feet and toes (Dan 2:41-43)

. . . . . . . . . . . . G^ God of heaven to set up kingdom, will crush others (Dan 2:44)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . H^ God has made future known (Dan 2:45)

The first half of the structure is of Daniel telling the king what was included in the king's dream. The second half is Daniel explaining the meaning of the dream to the king.

There is some noticeable extra explanation given to the feet and toes explanatory section (i.e. the F^ section). Three verses (Dan 2:41-43) are devoted to explaining that part of the prophecy. But I can't see where the toes are given any undue prominence in the prophecy itself. In Dan 2:34 the stone is said to strike the feet (no mention of the toes). In the parallel in Dan 2:44 God's kingdom crushes "all these kingdoms." And in the listing that follows in Dan 2:45 only the materials are listed, not the body parts. The only place where the toes are specifically addressed is in Dan 2:42.


Bobcat

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